The state of Maine has a series of historical forts dating back to the
colonial days and constructed during various conflicts that took place
between the French, English, and Indians. Some were built prior to and
during the civil war and later as coastal defenses during WWI and WWII.
Eastern Promenade, Portland, Maine
See the remains of an 1814 era fort. Tiers of
earthworks are visible. A
sketch of Fort Allen from 1845 is provided by the Maine Memory Network,
map showing the general location of Fort Allen Park (infosports.com),
and click here for a
photo of Fort Allen Park.
Fort Baldwin was built just prior to World War I.
It was built to replace
which was nearby. The fort saw service during World War I and World
This fort was built in 1808-1809 to protect Wiscasset,
Maine - an important shipping center at the time. It was garrisoned
during the War of 1812 and the Civil War. It is located
on Davis Island. The fort is a two-story wooden blockhouse. It is partially maintained by the
Friends of Fort Edgecomb. More info on Fort
Edgecomb can be found at the Maine Historic Sits website. A photo and description is provided by
Fort Tours and
Portland Public Schools.
Fort Fairfield. Fort Fairfield, Maine. This
wooden block house played a role in the border dispute that took place in
the late 1830's - referred to as the Aroostook War (a bloodless conflict
about lumber). The New Brunswick, Canada border is one mile away. The
original structure was dismantled and replaced with a rebuilt structure
on/about 1970s. The Frontier Heritage Historical Society maintains the block
This Civil War era fort is located about 100 miles
northeast of Portland along the Penobscot River near Bucksport, Maine.
Built in the years between 1844 and 1864 it is
made of granite and very extensive with good earthworks to defend against a
land attack. It is Maine's
largest historic fort. See the Wikipedia
Fort Knox. Other sources of info for the Maine Division of Parks & Public Lands Fort Knox
Friends of Fort Knox. A
painting of Fort Knox, Maine was done in the 1870s. See a recent
blog posting of Fort Knox providing
photos and description. View a
Google map of the Fort Knox location. See also the entry for
Fort Knox by the Maine Historic Sites website. The Maine Division
of Parks Public Lands has a "Fort Knox Research Room" (access
here) with books, periodicals, photos, and photos of Fort Knox.
Cushing Island, Maine
Near Portland, sits on about 140 acres on the southern side
of Cushing Island in Casco Bay. In the 1890s the Army established Fort
Levett. This fort was last used during WWII for coastal defense.
Cushing Island, Maine by Wikipedia.com. A news article published
in July 2006 provides some info on
Cushing Island. The Portland, ME public works department has an
online map of Cushing Island (Acrobat Reader file).
This fort was built in 1678 in the center of Portland at the foot of India
Street. It " . . . served as town hall, jail, and refuge of last
resort. It was pressed into the latter role in May 1690, when four
hundred to five hundred French and Indian troops attacked the settlement".
(1) The fort was
demolished in 1716.
Cow Island, Portland, Maine
The military built Fort Lyon in 1896, provided it with two gun
batteries, to defend the harbor from enemy attack. The
Maine Coast Heritage Trust now holds a conservation easement for
The island is used by
Rippleffect for youth and adult adventure and learning programs.
The west side of the island allows public access. The island is part
Town of Long Island, Maine.
This fort was built to protect the approaches to the
Piscataqua River. The fort dates from the late 1700s. The fort
was named for a Revolutionary War soldier from New Hampshire who died at the
Battle of Bunker Hill. The fort was garrisoned during five wars - the
Revolutionary War, War of 1812, Civil War, Spanish-American War, and World
War I. Vice President Hannibal Hamlin, who was Vice President during
the Civil War, served for a brief period of time at Fort McClary with a unit
of the Maine Coast Guard. See the
Wikipedia entry for
McClary. See geocities.com for a
history of Fort McClary,
Portland Public Schools, and also
Friends of Fort McClary.
This fort was built in 1775. It was destroyed by the
British twice. It was an active fort during the Revolutionary War, the
War of 1812, and the Civil War.
A granite fort with battery built in the 1860s to
protect the Bath, Maine shipyards and approaches to the Kennebec River.
It is located at the mouth of the Kennebec River in Phippsburg. It was
in use during the Spanish American War and World War I. The
fort is now open to the public as a park.
Stockton Springs, Maine
The fort was built on the shore of the Penobscot River
shortly after 1758. It was captured by the British in 1775 and burned
down. Also known as Fort Point - see
Tours for a photo and description. See a
Fort Pownal by WikiMapia.com.
South Portland, Maine
Located on the South Portland
Harbor Museum lies within the granite walls of Fort Preble. The
fort is now home to Southern Maine Community College.
Fort St Georges
Located on the Kennebec River at
Sabino Head - the
fort was the site of an early English settlement called the Popham Colony or
Sagadahoc Colony established in 1607.
Read more in
"Maine's Popham Colony" by the Athena Review,
Colony by Wikipedia,
draught of St. Georges Fort, 1610" by Maine Memory Network and
Popham Colony by archaeologychannel.org. Much of this historical
location is now Popham Beach State Park.
Fort St Georges
St George, Maine
Built in 1809 on the St George River to protect the growing
commerce at Warren and Thomaston. British raiders captured the fort in
June 1814 for a short time.
House Island, Portland, Maine
This fort is located on
House Island (Wikipedia), a private island in Portland Harbor in Casco
Bay. The island is 24 acres big. The fort, built in 1808, is located on the west side of the
island. It was designed for harbor defense. It is a
three-bastion granite fort. The two story fort has walls, parapets,
munitions bunkers, and a parade ground. The fort was bought by private
owners in 1954 to prevent it from being dismantled. It would seem the
only access to the island is through a firm called
Lobster Bakes & Tours. The firms website provides
photos of Fort Scammel. A
painting of Fort Scammel was done in 1872. See some
photos of Fort Scammel. Here is a
photo of Fort Scammel ca. 1900 (Maine Historical Society).
Old Fort Western
Built in 1754 this fort is the oldest surviving wooden fort
in New England. This fort was used by Benedict Arnold as a staging
point for his attack on Quebec during the American revolution. See photos and description by
Portland Public Schools and